Inserted: 2 dec 2019
Last Updated: 25 may 2020
Journal: Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations
We address the minimization of the Canham-Helfrich functional in presence of multiple phases. The problem is inspired by the modelization of heterogeneous biological membranes, which may feature variable bending rigidities and spontaneous curvatures. With respect to previous contributions, no symmetry of the minimizers is here assumed. Correspondingly, the problem is reformulated and solved in the weaker frame of oriented curvature varifolds. We present a lower semicontinuity result and prove existence of single- and multiphase minimizers under area and enclosed-volume constrains. Additionally, we discuss regularity of minimizers and establish lower and upper diameter bounds.
Keywords: Canham-Helfrich functional, curvature varifolds, biological membranes