Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory
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M. van den Berg - D. Bucur

Sign changing solutions of Poisson's equation

created by vandenberg1 on 08 Oct 2018

[BibTeX]

preprint

Inserted: 8 oct 2018

Year: 2018

ArXiv: 1804.00903 PDF

Abstract:

Let $\Omega$ be an open, possibly unbounded, set in Euclidean space $\R^m$, let $A$ be a measurable subset of $\Omega$ with measure $
A
$, and let $\gamma \in (0,1)$. We investigate whether the solution $v_{\Om,A,\gamma}$ of $-\Delta v=\gamma{\bf 1}_{\Omega-A}-(1-\gamma){\bf 1}_{A},\, v\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ changes sign. Bounds are obtained for $
A
$ in terms of geometric characteristics of $\Om$ (bottom of the spectrum of the Dirichlet Laplacian, torsion, measure, or $R$-smoothness of the boundary) such that ${\rm essinf} v_{\Om,A,\gamma}\ge 0$. We show that ${\rm essinf} v_{\Om,A,\gamma}<0$ for any measurable set $A$, provided $
A
>\gamma
\Om
$. This value is sharp. We also study the shape optimisation problem of the optimal location of $A$ (with prescribed measure) which minimises the essential infimum of $v_{\Om,A,\gamma}$. Surprisingly, if $\Om$ is a ball, a symmetry breaking phenomenon occurs.

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