Inserted: 2 oct 2018
Last Updated: 26 jun 2020
Journal: Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics
We study the non-Euclidean (incompatible) elastic energy functionals in the description of prestressed thin films, at their singular limits ($\Gamma$-limits) as $h\to 0$ in the film's thickness $h$. Firstly, we extend the prior results Lewicka-Pakzad, Bhattacharya-Lewicka-Schaffner, Lewicka-Raoult-Ricciotti to arbitrary incompatibility metrics that depend on both the midplate and the transversal variables (the "non-oscillatory" case). Secondly, we analyze a more general class of incompatibilities, where the transversal dependence of the lower order terms is not necessarily linear (the "oscillatory" case), extending the results of Agostiniani-Lucic-Lucantonio, Schmidt to arbitrary metrics and higher order scalings. We exhibit connections between the two cases via projections of appropriate curvature forms on the polynomial tensor spaces. We also show the effective energy quantisation in terms of scalings as a power of $h$ and discuss the scaling regimes $h^2$ (Kirchhoff), $h^4$ (von K\'arm\'an) in the general case, as well as all possible (even powers) regimes for conformal metrics, thus paving the way to the subsequent complete analysis of the non-oscillatory setting in Lewicka. Thirdly, we prove the coercivity inequalities for the singular limits at $h^2$- and $h^4$- scaling orders, while disproving the full coercivity of the classical von K\'arm\'an energy functional at scaling $h^4$.