Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory
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A. Marchese

On the structure of singular measures in the Euclidean space

created by marchese on 10 May 2017
modified on 11 May 2017

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Inserted: 10 may 2017
Last Updated: 11 may 2017

Year: 2017

Abstract:

We prove that for any singular measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ it is possible to cover $\mu$-almost every point with $n$ families of Lipschitz slabs of arbitrarily small total width. More precisely, up to a rotation, for every $\delta>0$ there are $n$ countable families of $1$-Lipschitz functions $\{f_i^1\}_{i\in\mathbb{N}},\ldots, \{f_i^n\}_{i\in\mathbb{N}},$ $f_i^j:\{x_j=0\}\subset\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$, and $n$ sequences of positive real numbers $\{\varepsilon_i^1\}_{i\in\mathbb{N}},\ldots, \{\varepsilon_i^n\}_{i\in\mathbb{N}}$ such that, denoting $\hat x_j$ the orthogonal projection of the point $x$ onto $\{x_j=0\}$ and $I_i^j:=\{x=(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in \mathbb{R}^n:f_i^j(\hat x_j)-\varepsilon_i^j< x_j< f_i^j(\hat x_j)+\varepsilon_i^j\},$ it holds $\sum_{i,j}\varepsilon_i^j\leq \delta$ and $\mu(\mathbb{R}^n\setminus\bigcup_{i,j}I_i^j)=0.$

We apply this result to show that it is possible to approximate the identity with a sequence $g_h$ of smooth equi-Lipschitz maps satisfying $\limsup_{h\to\infty}\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}{\rm{det}}(\nabla g_h) d\mu<\mu(\mathbb{R}^n).$ From this, we deduce a simple proof of the fact that every top-dimensional Ambrosio-Kirchheim metric current in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is a Federer-Fleming flat chain.


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