Inserted: 20 jan 2017
Last Updated: 6 nov 2017
Journal: Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
We study the multiphasic formulation of the incompressible Euler equation introduced by Brenier: infinitely many phases evolve according to the compressible Euler equation and are coupled through a global incompressibility constraint. In a convex domain, we are able to prove that the entropy, when averaged over all phases, is a convex function of time, a result that was conjectured by Brenier. The novelty in our approach consists in introducing a time-discretization that allows us to import a flow interchange inequality previously used by Matthes, McCann and Savaré to study first order in time PDE, namely the JKO scheme associated with non-linear parabolic equations.
Keywords: Euler equations, Wasserstein space, Flow interchange