Inserted: 30 aug 2007
We introduce models for static and quasi-static damage in elastic materials, based on a strain threshold, and then investigate the relationship between these threshold models and the energy-based models introduced by Francfort and Marigo (1993) and Francfort and Garroni (2006). A somewhat surprising result is that, while classical solutions for the energy models are also threshold solutions, this is not the case for nonclassical solutions, i.e., solutions with microstructure. A new and arguably more physical definition of solutions with microstructure for the energy-based model is then given, in which the energy minimality property is satisfied by sequences of sets that generate the effective elastic tensors, rather than by the tensors themselves. We prove existence for this energy based problem, and show that these solutions are also threshold solutions. A byproduct of this analysis is that all local minimizers, in both the classical setting and for the new microstructure definition, are also global minimizers.