Inserted: 11 mar 2023
Last Updated: 11 mar 2023
The paper will appear in Partial Differential Equations and Applications.
We introduce a class of concentrated $p$-L\'evy integrable functions approximating the unity, which serves as the core tool to characterize the Sobolev spaces and the space of functions of bounded variation in the spirit of Bourgain-Brezis-Mironescu. We provide this characterization for a class of unbounded domains satisfying the extension property. We also examine the situation where the extension property fails.